Diamond Information gives you information about the below-mentioned topic.
What is Diamond? (Information of Diamond).
History of Diamond. (Information about Past of Diamond, Information about Antiqueor Famous Diamonds ).
Where are diamonds found? (Places where Diamonds are Found).
How are diamonds formed and Where the diamonds are formed? (Information about Natural Diamond, Information about Artificial Diamond).
1.what is diamond?
Diamond element is a solid form of carbon, its molecules are arranged in a crystal composition called a diamond cubic.
Diamonds are made entirely of an element and can take on that many different forms of the element.
Diamonds are made of carbon, so, we have to go with carbon. Carbon has six electrons and has an atomic mass of 12 grams per mole, also it has black color.
Structure of Diamond :
Second thing is that Diamonds are shiny, clear and translucent. So the problem is that the stuff which makes the diamond is black. The answer to this question is with a crystalline structure and the role played in the appearance and properties of the mineral.
Carbon is one of the elements that have allotropes; Graphite and diamond. The only difference is that in the structure of Diamond diamond, every carbon atom is surrounded by four any other carbon atoms and this structure is very solid. Because of this very solid structure, the diamond gemstone is the very hard material on the planet and it is also the most popular gemstone.
The second solid form of carbon known as graphite is a chemically stable form, at room temperature and in pressure, but diamonds seldom change in it.
Diamond has high hardness and thermal conductivity of any natural material, the properties are used in industrial applications such as cutting and polishing instruments. That is the reason that diamond gemstone evil cells can subject matter to the pressure found on the Earth.
How strong Diamonds are?
Because the arrangement of molecules in diamonds is very clean and strict, some types of impurities can contaminate them (something like borons and nitrogen).
Diamonds Colors :
The Diamond Gemstones are usually almost colorless. Because of the tiny weaknesses (around one million molecules)are diamond blue, yellow, brown, green, purple, pink, orange or red, among other colors.
There is also a relatively high optical spread in the diamond. It means that the ability to spread the light of different colors. These colors are made from small targets of other elements mixed with diamonds. Due to the diamond molecule structure, these components are few and far away.
The Coal and The Diamond
Surprisingly, some common features of the diamond gemstones are shared by coal. Both are made up of the most common objects on the planet: carbon.
A variety of diamonds from coal is that carbon atoms are arranged and how carbon is formed. Carbon is based on extremely high pressure and temperature in Earth’s lithosphere, which is 90-240 miles away from Earth’s surface.
Diamond name is derived from ancient Greek Adamas (“excellent”).
India’s earliest diamonds were found in the 4th century BC, although the smallest of these deposits was 900 million years ago.
Most of these early stones are commonly referred to as the Silk Road, which includes the network of trade routes connected to India and China.
At the time of their discovery, diamond gemstones were valued due to their strength and luminosity, and they were valued for their light and valuable to the metal carving.
Diamondswere worn as decoration, which was used as cutting tools, served as a trainer to eliminate evil, and believed in protecting the war.
Diamondsin the Dark Ages were also used as medical aid, and when they were believed, they believed that the disease was cured and wounded.
Early History :
2,800 years ago, the great Mughals of India were the first to find diamond gemstones in large quantities in their territories, thanks to these gems rich in thanks.
The first accurate and controversial reference is found in Roman literature in the first century AD. The famous diamonds of the Romans would have come from India, which was the only known source of these precious stones until the eighteenth century. It was believed that they could be found only in the legendary mines of Golconda’s important city of diamond trade; The gems sold there came from various mines.
In the seventeenth century, some diamonds were transported to Europe and jewel became fashionable for some who could afford it. By the 18th century, Borneo’s gemstones arrived occasionally, but especially from India, there were many large stones of historical value. But India’s Diamond Mines started running, and European nations began to discover this new source of wealth in newly acquired colonies.
In the middle of the nineteenth century, many people came to think that reserves of the diamond world are tired.
In 1725, the first diamond gemstones were found in the continents of South America, the first diamond of the city of Diamantina was discovered in Minas Gerais (Brazil) and South Africa in 1866, which has reached a major place in production and commerce.
From here the modern industry is visible. 1866 is the first step in the opening of the region’s extraction of the region known as gravel and a 21-carat diamond found on the banks of the Orange River in South Africa, which has become the world’s largest.
After the discovery of dry mines near Kimberley in 1870 and 1871, the diamond fever increased in the sand of the Orange and Val rivers. They were rounded areas of yellow clay where precious stones were found. When miners are dug in the soil, sometimes called yellow earth, they are found hard, blush rock which is also useful. This blue Earth, known as Kimberlite(Variety of Periodotite), is the original substance from which yellow is formed by the Earth’s weather.
Thanks to the mining, it was found that yellow and blue were the chimneys of Kimberlite (probably volcano) of the Earth’s spherical zone, which goes to an indefinite distance. Similar herbs in some other places in South Africa, not all diamonds.
Diamond deposits, mostly Olivia, have been found in other parts of Africa, such as Tanzania, Zyre, Ghana and Sierra Leone.
In the western part of South Africa, special vehicles cut diamonds from the coastal sea. Later the former USSR was included among the big diamond gemstone manufacturers.
Currently, many places on Earth are Diamond gemstone Mines: Africa and Siberia are the most convenient. Australia, Zaire, and Botswana are the main suppliers of diamonds. Later South Africa and Russia, Namibia, Angola, Brazil (standing in the production of Brazilian mines, tablets and carbons), Guana, Venezuela, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cote d’Azur, Ghana, Central African Republic, Tanzania, China, Indonesia and India (limited to small amounts extracted from current production group beds and Kimberlite chimneys)
Antique or Famous Diamonds List:
26th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Argyle Pink Jubilee
Aurora Butterfly of Peace
Aurora Pyramid of Hope
Blue Moon of Josephine Diamond
Briolette of India
Cora Sun-Drop Diamond
Deyoung Red Diamond
Dresden Greece Diamond
Earth Star Diamond
Golden Jubilee Diamond
Graff Lesedi La Rona
Great Chrysanthemum Diamond
Great Mogul Diamond
Heart of Eternity Diamond
The Jane Seymour
Kazanjian Red Diamond
Lesotho 910 Carat Diamond
Moon of Baroda
Moussaieff Red Diamond
Ocean Dream Diamond
Premier Rose Diamond
Sierra Leone Diamond
Skull Star Diamond
Spirit of de Grisogono Diamond
Star of The East
Star of Sierra Leone
Star of South Africa
Star of the South
Sweet Josephine Diamond
Tiffany Yellow Diamond
Williamson Pink Diamond
Winston Pink Legacy
Cross of Asia
Polar Star Diamond
Star of the Season
Stuart or Holland Diamond
The Symbolic yellow Diamond
3.where are diamonds found?
Diamonds can be found from the ground or from the sea which is natural diamond and the other diamonds are Artificial.
Diamonds are present in almost 35 countries. There is currently a limited number of commercially available diamond mines worldwide, in which the 50 largest mines are 90% of the global supply.
Diamonds are preserved on dispersed areas, where diamonds are seized from the ground, deposited and concentrated by water or weather action. There is at least one example of Heritage Diamond Mine which is Crater of Diamonds State Park.
South Africa, Russia, and Botswana are the main producers of gemstones when Australia produces industrial diamonds. Other places where the Diamonds are established which is India, China, Siberia, Brazil, Russia, the United States, and Canada.
Let’s go with the continent wise diamond mining :
1. Asia :
In Asia, there are three countries where diamond mines run. And these countries are India, Russia, and Indonesia.
India: Kollur Mine, Panna, and Bunder Project, etc.
Russia: Udachny GOK, Mirny GOK, Jubilee, Grib, Aikhal, Zarnitsa, International, and Komsomolskaya, etc.
Indonesia: Martapura is only one.
2. Africa :
In Africa, Angola, Botswana, and South Africa are the main country and there are also other places where diamond mines run.
Angola: Catoca diamond mine, Luarica diamond mine, and Fucauma diamond mine, etc.
South Africa: Finsch diamond mine, Cullinan diamond mine (before it was known as premier mine), Baken diamond mine, Koffiefontein diamond mine, Venetia diamond mine, and Kimberley(Northern Cape) diamond mine, etc.
And there are other so many mines in Africa like Baba diamonds fields, Murowa diamond mine, Marange diamond fields, etc. These mines are located in Zimbabwe. Williamson diamond mine is located in Tanzania, Letseng diamond mine is in Lesotho and the last one Miba is in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
3. North America :
Canada and the United States where the diamond mines run.
Canada: Diavik diamond mine, Ekati diamond mine, Snap Lake diamond mine, and Gahcho Kue diamond mine projects are located in Northwest Territories. Jericho diamond mine is in Nunavut, Victor diamond mine in Ontario, Renard diamond mine in Quebec, and the last one Stornoway.
The United States: Crater of Diamonds State Park is in Arkansas and another one is Kelsey Lake diamond mine is in Colorado.
4. Australia :
In Australia, there are two diamond mines run, which are Argyle diamond mine and Merlin diamond mine.
Here is the list which shows diamond production by Countries in 2016 and this is based on the British Geological Survey.
Diamond Production (million carat) in 2016
Natural Diamond :
Diamondsare taken time to be in between 1 billion to 4 billion years.
Diamonds composition was made at the depth of 150 to 250 kilometers at the subdivision of earth. Some of the diamond gemstones are done in the depth of 800 kilometers.
It’s done in the very high pressure and temperature Even though it takes time to be and carbonic fluid minerals dissolve and replace them with diamonds.
Artificial Diamonds :
Artificial diamonds are cultivated with high-pressure carbon and grow from hydrocarbon gas through high pressure and temperature or chemical vapor deposition (CVD). A diamond can also be copied from materials like Cubic Zirconia and Silicon Carbide.
Natural, synthetic and imitation diamonds are most commonly identified using optical techniques or thermal conductivity measurements.
4. How are diamonds formed and Where the diamonds are formed?
Diamond Formation :
There are four methods of Diamond Evolution :
Diamond composition of Earth’s mantle
Diamond composition in the subduction zone
Diamond composition on impact sites
Evolution in space
Diamondsare highly structured stones made of pure carbon. It is generally understood that they are composed of coal, however, this component has little or nothing to do with its composition (depending on the case). What is the difference between carbon and coal?
Coal is a striped rock, which is made from fossils resident deposited in the earth’s crust (and this is what you put on the threshold to start the fire). Only in carbon, on the other hand, is a pure metal chemical element. In addition to being one of the columns of organic chemistry, there is also an early point of how a diamond is made.
There are four agreements in this context; The first 99% of the people show that they exist on Earth.
Coals infrequently- if ever – play a part in the evolution of gems. Actually, most of the gems date back to much of the planet’s opening coastline plants – the origin of coal resources! It should be the only evidence that to stop the plan that coal deposits of the Earth have been established against coal.
One more issue with this plan is that the seal of coal is acute rocks which are usually used as straight or almost horizontal sections. Nevertheless, the origin of diamonds is a vertical pipe full of slabs, smelted slabs.
Four methods are believed to superintend for the natural diamond on or near the Earth’s facet. One of these methods involves almost 100% of diamonds. The last three methods are important sources of diamonds.
1.Diamond Composition of Earth’s Mantle :
Earth Science accepts that gemstones in all commercial diamonds of the planet were made in the house, and the deep source volcanoes shook the surface. The outbreak triggers Kimberlight and Lempert pipes, which are sought by the diamond prospector.
Many of these pipes do not carry diamonds, or such small quantities contain diamonds that they do not have commercial interests.
Nevertheless, equivalent and lower level extracts are evolved in these pipes, while they have enough gems for commercial extracting. Gemstones have also been consumed and decayed against any of these pipes. These gemstones are now included in the retainers of brooks and coastal places.
The emergence of essential diamonds needs too high temperature and pressure. These conditions are more than 90 miles (expect about 150 kilometers) or under the facet of the earth’s limited zone, where the temperature is at most 2000 degrees F (about 1050 degrees Celsius).
The condemnatory temperature-force territory for diamond design and firmness is not adjacent at the global level. Ideally, it is believed to be adjacent in the veil mainly under the stable inner part of the continental plates.
At the time of the deep source volcano eruption, this “Diamond firmness or solidity zone” is created and stored diamond gemstones deliver to the surface of the Earth. This eruption breaks the pieces of metal and quickly takes them to the facet. Such volcano eruptions are very rare and have not been monitored by a current human being.
Coal is included? A call is a striped rock, made from plant waste planted on the surface of the Earth. It is scarcely concealed deeper than two miles (nearly 3.2 kilometers) deep. It is very improbable that the coal has proceeded below to a deep depth at the bottom of the Multicultural Plate.
The carbon origin for this mantle diamond Carbon is trapped in the inner part of the planet or at a very deep level by the subduction at that time of formation of the planet.
2.Diamond Composition in the Subduction Zone :
Small diamond gemstones have been established in slabs, which are believed to have been extracted in the pillars by skeletal methods- then backed to the facet.
Diamond plate can be less than 50 miles (nearly 80 kilometers) from the facet and can be as below as 390 degrees F(about 200 degrees centigrade).
In addition to the study, Brazil’s diamond was established to carry small minerals compatible with marine mineral deposits. Others include those that show that abducted marine waters are elaborated in their design.
More recent studies have examined the origins of blue, boronic diamonds, which were made up to a depth of 400 miles (nearly 650 kilometers). This includes super-deep gemstones, which suggests that it has descended from the ocean’s crust derived.
Coal is included? The coal is not a potential carbon origin for the diamond manufacturing process. Carbon slabs such as limestone, marbles, and dolomite, and potentially offshore salts have plant waste particles from the subduction of oceanic plates.
3.Diamond Composition on Impact Sites :
Through the past, the Earth has been hit repeatedly by big asteroids. When these asteroids hit on the earth, high temperatures and pressure are generated. Example: When asteroids of six-miles (10 kilometers) wide are attacking the Earth, they can travel 9 to 12 miles per second (nearly about 15 to 20 kilometers per second). On collision, this hypervelocity piece will cause the explosion of energy to produce many atomic weapons and warmer temperatures than the Sun’s surface.
Extremely High temperature and pressure states at such temperatures are much more than enough to make gemstones. This thesis of diamond emergence has been confirmed by the finding of small diamonds surrounding some asteroid effect sites.
Minor, sub-millimeter diamond gemstones have been established in the Meteor Crater in Arizona. Polycrystalline commercial diamond gemstones, nearby 13 millimeters in size, have been established in poppy crackers in northern Siberia of Russia.
Coal is included? Coals can be available in the quarry area of these effects and can act as a carbon source for diamonds. Limestone stones, marbles, dolomite, and other carbon-carriage slabs are more probable to be carbon origins than coal.
4.Formation in Space :
NASA investigators have discovered a large number of nanodots in some of the meteors. (Small diamonds are diamonds that are a few angstroms.)
Nearly three percent of these meteors are contained in carbon nanodiamonds. These gemstones are very small to use as diamonds or commercial grinding; Nevertheless, it is an origin of diamond gemstone content.
Smithsonian investigators also saw the number of small diamonds that were cut from Ellen Hills meteorite samples. In humans, these diamonds are believed to be made in space by a high-speed collision, such as how diamonds are shaped in effective locations on Earth.
Coal is included? Coals are not elaborated in the formation of these gems. The carbon origin is from a non-Earth body.